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王勇,刘青萍,罗庭华,彭实▲.药学生职业认同感的影响因素探索[J].中国医药科学,2024,14(11):64-69        基金项目:昆明医科大学校级教研教改课题(2022-JY-Y-080)
药学生职业认同感的影响因素探索
Exploring the influencing factors of professional identity among pharmaceutical students
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  药学生;职业认同感;影响因素;探索
英文关键词:Pharmaceutical Students; Professional identity; Affecting factors; Exploration
作者单位
王勇,刘青萍,罗庭华,彭实▲ 昆明医科大学第二附属医院药学部,云南昆明 650106 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要]目的 研究药学生的职业认同感水平及其影响因素。方法 采用问卷星APP,对2022年8月云南昆明、玉溪、普洱等地区部分实习的药学专业和临床药学专业的学生进行一般性资料和职业认同感调查。以职业自我认知、职业社会支持、职业自我效能、职业价值取向、职业自我反思5个维度和职业认同感总分作为观察指标,数据采用独立样本t检验、单因素方差分析、多元线性回归等方法进行分析。结果 药学生的职业认同感总分为(3.86±0.60)分,处于中上水平。其中职业价值取向为(4.02±0.70)分,水平较高;职业自我效能为(3.77±0.68)分、职业自我认知为(3.74±0.63)分,得分偏低。单因素方差分析显示,志愿选择、药师社会地位、医院药学部的培养方式、是否赞同药师发挥了其专业价值、医改会不会提升药学的专业价值和职业规划,是影响药学生职业认同感的独立因素;多元线性回归分析显示,自主选择志愿、赞同药师发挥了其专业价值、对药学部的培养方式持好于预期态度、职业规划为继续深造是提升药学生职业认同感的积极因素。结论 药学生的职业认同感处于中上水平,但仍有提升空间。教育者应努力提高教学水平,同时加强对药学生职业认知的引导和职业技能的培训,以提高药学生的职业认同感。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To explore the level of professional identity among pharmaceutical students and its influencing factors. Methods Using the WJX app, a general data and professional identity survey was conducted on some pharmacy and clinical pharmacy students who interned in Kunming, Yuxi, Puer, and other areas of Yunnan in August 2022. Using five dimensions of professional self-awareness, professional social support, professional self-efficacy, professional value orientation, and professional self-reflection, as well as the total score of professional identity, the data was analyzed using independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance, multiple linear regression, and other methods. Results The total score of professional identity among pharmaceutical students was (3.86±0.60) points, which was at a medium to high level. Among them, the level of professional value orientation (4.02±0.70) points was relatively high, while the scores of professional self-efficacy (3.77±0.68) points and professional self-awareness (3.74±0.63) points were relatively low. One-way ANOVA showed that the choice of volunteer, the social status of pharmacists, the training method of the hospital pharmacy department, whether they agree that pharmacists have utilized their professional value, and whether the health care reform will enhance the professional value of pharmacy and the career planning are independent factors affecting pharmacy students' sense of professional identity. And multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the independent choice of volunteer, agreeing that pharmacists have utilized their professional value, better-than-expected attitude towards the training method of the pharmacy department, and career planning for further education are positive factors enhancing pharmacy students’sense of professional identity. attitude, and career planning for further education are positive factors that enhance pharmacy students' professional identity. Conclusion The professional identity of pharmaceutical students is at a medium to high level, but there is still room for improvement. Educators should strive to improve the teaching level, at the same time, strengthen the guidance of vocational cognition and training of vocational skills for pharmaceutical students, to improve their sense of professional identity.
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关键词: 中国医药科学 中国医学 中国医学科学 中华医学 医学杂志 临床医学杂志 医学期刊 中国预防医学 中华预防医学 预防医学杂志 中国药学 药学杂志
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