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卞静如△,武佩佩,张丽媛,强万敏▲.康复期随访乳腺癌患者社会关系、社会支持水平与焦虑的相关性研究[J].中国医药科学,2024,14(9):191-194        基金项目:天津市医学重点学科(专科)建设项目(TJYXZDXK-011A)
康复期随访乳腺癌患者社会关系、社会支持水平与焦虑的相关性研究
Research on the correlation in social relations, social support level, and anxiety of patients with breast cancer followed up during the rehabilitation period
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  乳腺癌;康复期;社会关系;社会支持;焦虑
英文关键词:Breast cancer; Rehabilitation period; Social relations; Social support; Anxiety
作者单位
卞静如△,武佩佩,张丽媛,强万敏▲ 天津医科大学肿瘤医院,国家恶性肿瘤临床医学研究中心 天津市恶性肿瘤临床医学研究中心 乳腺癌防治教育部重点实验室 天津市肿瘤防治重点实验室,天津 300060 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 目的 探究乳腺癌患者康复期社会关系、社会支持水平与焦虑三者的现状及相关性。 方法 选取2022年6—10月于天津医科大学肿瘤医院乳腺门诊复查的乳腺癌患者172例为研究对象,采用社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、社会关系质量量表(SRQS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)进行调查,并进行相关性分析。 结果 康复期乳腺癌患者焦虑自评量表总均分为(51.92±11.47)分,中度及以上焦虑患者占20.35%;社会关系质量总均分为(52.33±5.62)分,社会支持总均分为(27.63±5.77)分;焦虑水平与社会关系质量、社会支持水平与呈负相关(r=-0.523,-0.407,均P < 0.01)。 结论 乳腺癌患者康复期间焦虑水平、社会关系质量及社会支持水平需改善,护理人员应加强对康复期来院随访患者的管理,帮助患者建立良好的家庭社会支持系统,有利于降低患者焦虑水平。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To investigate the status quo of and correlation in social relations, social support level and anxiety of patients with breast cancer during the rehabilitation period. Methods A total of 172 patients with breast cancer who were reexamined in the breast clinic of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital from June to October 2022 were selected as the research objects. The social support rating scale (SSRS), social relational quality scale (SRQS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) were used for investigation, and correlation analysis was conducted. Results The total average score of SAS for patients with breast cancer during the rehabilitation period was (51.92±11.47) points, and the patients with moderate or above anxiety accounted for 20.35%. The total average score of SRQS was (52.33±5.62) points, and the total average score of SSRS was (27.63±5.77) points. The SAS level was negatively correlated with SRQS and SSRS levels (r=-0.523, -0.407, P < 0.01). Conclusion The SAS level, SRQS level and SSRS level of patients with breast cancer need to be improved during the rehabilitation period. Nurses should strengthen their management of patients who come to the hospital for follow-up during the rehabilitation period and help patients establish a good family social support system, which is conducive to reducing the anxiety level of patients.
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