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黄伍娟,刘云峰,顾小红,陈广香,汤夕姣,靳政玺.慢性肾脏病接受透析的患者经验性回避的研究进展[J].中国医药科学,2024,14(9):49-52        基金项目:江苏省苏州市科技发展计划(医疗卫生科技创新)项目(SKY2022195)
慢性肾脏病接受透析的患者经验性回避的研究进展
Research progress on experiential avoidance in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  接受透析患者;经验性回避;负性情绪;认知行为疗法;接纳承诺疗法
英文关键词:Patients receiving dialysis; Experiential avoidance; Negative emotions; Cognitive behavioral therapy; Acceptance and commitment therapy
作者单位
黄伍娟,刘云峰,顾小红,陈广香,汤夕姣,靳政玺 江苏省苏州市立医院北区肾内科,江苏苏州 215000 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要]慢性肾脏病(CKD)已成为严重影响全球健康的公共卫生问题之一,而接受透析是终末期肾病患者的主要替代治疗方法,接受透析的患者常因疾病的不可治愈性、透析过程中的不适感,再加上社会因素,经济因素及患者个性心理特征、情感等方面问题,极易产生焦虑、抑郁等心理问题。透析患者的心理问题,不仅导致患者依从性下降,还影响患者生活质量,增加患者病死率。经验性回避已被证实可预测多种疾病患者的心理健康问题。本文对CKD接受透析的患者经验性回避的影响因素、作用及干预策略等方面进行综述,为改善CKD接受透析的患者心理障碍的护理提供参考。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become one of the serious public health issues affecting global health, and dialysis is the main alternative treatment method for end-stage kidney disease patients. Patients who receive dialysis are often prone to psychological problems such as anxiety and depression due to the untreatable nature of the disease, discomfort during dialysis, and social and economic factors, as well as individual psychological characteristics and emotions. The psychological problems of dialysis patients not only lead to a decrease in patient compliance but also affect their quality of life and increase their mortality rate. Experiential avoidance has been proven to predict the mental health issues of patients with various diseases. This article reviews the influencing factors, effects, and intervention strategies of experiential avoidance in patients with CKD undergoing dialysis, providing a reference for improving the psychological disorders of patients with CKD undergoing dialysis.
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