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马占强1,袁蓓1,刘剑峰2,蒋玉妹1,宋世蓓1▲.强制医疗人员暴力犯罪原因分析及预防策略[J].中国医药科学,2023,(20):124-126        基金项目:贵州省卫生健康委科学技术基金项目(gzwkj2023-219)
强制医疗人员暴力犯罪原因分析及预防策略
Cause analysis and prevention strategies for violent crimes committed by patients receiving compulsory medical treatment
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  精神障碍;暴力犯罪;强制医疗;预防策略
英文关键词:Mental disorders; Violent crimes; Compulsory medical treatment; Prevention strategies
作者单位
马占强1,袁蓓1,刘剑峰2,蒋玉妹1,宋世蓓1▲ 1.贵州省第二人民医院 (贵州省精神卫生中心)医务科,贵州贵阳 550001;2.贵州省公安厅监管总队贵州省强制医疗所,贵州贵阳 550001 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 目的 研究强制医疗人员暴力犯罪风险及影响因素,究其犯罪原因,提出针对性的管理与预防策略。 方法 2022年12月至2023年3月通过中国裁判文书网查询、收集被各级人民法院判决强制医疗人员基本信息,对贵州省各级人民法院2017—2021年判决强制医疗的206例精神障碍患者进行分析,调查其暴力犯罪现状并分析暴力犯罪发生的影响因素,总结其暴力犯罪特点。 结果 男性、中青年、低文化程度、农村户籍、无业、精神分裂症是患者发生暴力犯罪危险因素(P < 0.05)。 结论 应增强对具备中青年、男性、无业、农村户籍、低文化程度、精神分裂症特点患者的风险防范意识,强化社区综合管理,加强医疗救助、监护人医学通识教育等,进而达到维护民众安全和减少严重精神障碍患者暴力犯罪行为的发生。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To study the risks and influencing factors of violent crimes committed by patients receiving compulsory medical treatment, investigate the causes of crime, and propose targeted management and prevention strategies. Methods The basic information of patients who were sentenced to receive compulsory medical treatment by people’s courts at different levels from December 2022 to March 2023 was searched and collected from the China Judgments Online. Based on this data, an analysis was conducted on 206 patients with mental disorders who were sentenced to receive compulsory medical treatment by people’s courts at different levels in Guizhou Province from 2017 to 2021. The current situation of violent crimes was investigated, the influencing factors of violent crimes were analyzed, and the characteristics of violent crimes were summarized. Results Male, young and middle-aged, low education level, rural registered residence, unemployment, and schizophrenia were the risk factors for violent crimes (P < 0.05). Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen the risk prevention awareness of young and middle-aged, unemployed male patients with rural registered residence, low education level, and schizophrenia, to strengthen comprehensive community management and enhance medical assistance, medical general education for guardians, etc., so as to maintain public safety and reduce violent criminal behaviors of patients suffering from severe mental disorders.
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关键词: 中国医药科学 中国医学 中国医学科学 中华医学 医学杂志 临床医学杂志 医学期刊 中国预防医学 中华预防医学 预防医学杂志 中国药学 药学杂志
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