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赵娜1△,武昆利2▲,付海艳3,张雄4.基于德尔菲法构建结核病科医院感染管理风险评估表[J].中国医药科学,2023,(1):175-178        基金项目:[基金项目] 云南省教育厅科学研究基金项目(2022Y882)
基于德尔菲法构建结核病科医院感染管理风险评估表
Construction of risk assessment form of nosocomial infection management of tuberculosis department based on Delphi method
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  德尔菲法;结核病科;医院感染;风险评估
英文关键词:Delphi method; Tuberculosis department; Nosocomial infection; Risk assessment
作者单位
赵娜1△,武昆利2▲,付海艳3,张雄4 1.大理大学护理学院,云南大理 671000;2.昆明市第三人民医院护理教研室,云南昆明 650041; 3.昆明市第三人民医院关怀科,云南昆明 650041;4.昆明市第三人民医院肝病科,云南昆明 650041 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 目的 构建结核病科医院感染管理风险评估表,为制订针对性的预防措施提供依据,也为其他相关医院感染风险评估提供参考。 方法 在前期研究基础上,通过文献分析法及课题小组讨论,初步制订风险评价指标目标池;采用德尔菲法,于2021年10—12月邀请14位经验丰富的结核病感染防控专家进行两轮专家函询,结合李克特(Likert)五级评分制法、重要性排序法进行量表条目筛选,最终确定指标体系。 结果 第一、二轮专家函询问卷回收率分别为92.9%、100%,专家权威系数分别为0.79、0.85;在两轮专家咨询后,最后得到患者和医务人员风险评估表。 结论 应用德尔菲法建立的结核病科医院感染管理风险评估表,可作为今后相关医院的风险评估工具,以便快速评估并发现风险点,从而制订个性化的干预措施。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To construct the risk assessment form of nosocomial infection management of tuberculosis department, so as to provide basis for formulating targeted preventive measures, and provide reference for risk assessments related to other nosocomial infection. Methods On the basis of previous research, through literature analysis method and theme group discussion, the target pool of risk assessment indices was preliminarily formulated. From October to December 2021, the Delphi method was used to invite 14 experienced experts on tuberculosis infection prevention and control to conduct two rounds of expert correspondence. The items of the scale were screened by the 5-point Likert scale and importance ranking method, and the index system was finally determined. Results The recovery rates of the first and second rounds of expert correspondence questionnaires were 92.9% and 100% respectively, and the expert authority coefficients were 0.79 and 0.85 respectively. After two rounds of expert consultation, the risk assessment form for patients and medical staff was finally obtained. Conclusion The risk assessment form of nosocomial infection management of tuberculosis department established by Delphi method can be used as a risk assessment tool for related hospitals in the future, so as to quickly assess and find out the risk points, thereby formulating personalized intervention measures.
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