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代杨瑛琪.中医治疗中风后顽固性呃逆的研究进展[J].中国医药科学,2022,(20):67-70        基金项目:
中医治疗中风后顽固性呃逆的研究进展
Advances in the study on traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of post-stroke intractable hiccup
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  中医;顽固性呃逆;联合疗法;综述
英文关键词:Traditional Chinese medicine; Intractable hiccup; Combined therapy; Review
作者单位
代杨瑛琪 成都中医药大学附属医院皮肤科,四川成都 610032 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 中风是常见的脑血管疾病,也是激发顽固性呃逆的重要诱因之一。对于顽固性呃逆的病因病机,现代医学理论尚缺乏共识。常规的西医治疗费用较高且疗效欠佳,目前针对中风后呃逆的中医治法或理论有针刺的“调神”理论、中药汤剂“和胃降逆”之法、穴位注射、埋线埋豆和耳穴“全息”理论等。若经过上述疗法联合中西结合、针药并用,其治疗效果与单纯西药或某一中医疗法治疗效果相比优势肯定。选用治法以和胃降逆为优,配合滋补肝肾,中医以综合费用低、简便等多方面因素,日益成为不可或缺的治疗手段。本研究查阅2013年6月至2020年7月中医药治疗中风后顽固性呃逆的文献,发现中医药疗法该病的治疗上有其独特优势,以期为临床治疗提供参考。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Stroke is a common cerebrovascular disease and one of the important inducing causes of intractable hiccup. Modern medical theories haven’t formed a consensus on the etiology and pathogenesis of intractable hiccup. Besides, conventional western medical treatment is expensive and less effective. Currently, Chinese medical treatments or theories for post-stroke hiccup include the theory of "regulating the spirit" with acupuncture, the method of "regulating the stomach and descending adverse Qi" with decoction of Chinese medicine, acupoint injection, acupoint thread/bean embedding, and holographic earacupoint therapy, etc. Clinical practice showed that the combination of the above therapies, the integration of Chinese and western medicines, and the combined application of acupuncture and medicines can achieve better efficacy compared with western medicines only or a single Chinese medical treatment method. The selection of treatment method follows the principle of "regulating the stomach and descending adverse Qi first, plus the auxiliary treatment of nourishing the liver and kidney". Traditional Chinese medical treatment is increasingly becoming an indispensable treatment tool due to low cost, simplicity and other advantages. In this paper, the literature on traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of post-stroke intractable hiccup from June 2013 to July 2020 is reviewed, and it is found that traditional Chinese medicine has its unique advantages in the treatment of this disease, which provides a reference for clinical treatment.
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