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郝雯君1,杨支兰1▲,许娟2.养老机构膝骨性关节炎患者运动自我管理时间与运动自我效能的相关性分析[J].中国医药科学,2021,(4):17-20        基金项目:[基金项目] 山西省软科学研究一般项目(2018041028-7);山西中医药大学研究生教育创新项目(2020CX051);山西中医药大学护理学科资助项目(研学科函【2020】3 号)
养老机构膝骨性关节炎患者运动自我管理时间与运动自我效能的相关性分析
Correlation analysis between exercise self-management time and exercise self-efficacy of patients with knee osteoarthritis in pension institutions
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  [关键词] 膝骨性关节炎;养老机构;运动自我管理时间;运动自我效能
英文关键词:[Key words] Knee osteoarthritis; Pension institutions; Exercise self-management time; Exercise self-efficacy
作者单位
郝雯君1,杨支兰1▲,许娟2 1.山西中医药大学护理学院,山西太原030024
2.山西省人民医院,山西太原 030012 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 目的 探讨养老机构膝骨性关节炎患者运动自我管理时间与运动自我效能的相关性。 方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样法,将2019年8月至2020年1月太原市4所养老机构中的216例膝骨性关节炎患者作为研究对象。采用慢性病自我管理量表、运动自我效能问卷和自行设计的一般资料调查问卷对其进行问卷调查,采用Spearman相关性分析探讨两者之间的关系。 结果 养老机构膝骨性关节炎患者运动自我管理时间为(133.19±36.64)min/周,体能锻炼时间为(23.19±21.30)min/周,耐力锻炼时间为(109.93±35.23) min/周。运动自我效能得分为38(21,54)分,处于较低水平。不同的月收入、BMI、参加集体锻炼频率、患病时长的患者运动自我管理时间不同(P<0.05)。运动锻炼自我管理行为时间、体能锻炼时间、耐力锻炼时间与运动自我效能成正相关(r=0.588,0.243,0.434,P<0.001)。结论 通过提高患者的运动自我效能感为切入点,从而为制定增加患者运动自我管理时间的干预措施提供依据。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To investigate the correlation between exercise self-management time and exercise self-efficacy of patients with knee osteoarthritis in pension institutions. Methods A total of 216 patients with knee osteoarthritis admitted to four pension institutions in Taiyuan from August 2019 to January 2020 were selected as the research objects according to multistage stratified random sampling method. The self-management scale of chronic disease, exercise self-efficacy questionnaire and self-designed questionnaire of general data were adopted to investigate, and Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the relationship between them. Results The exercise self-management time was (133.19 ± 36.64) min/week, the physical exercise time was (23.19 ± 21.30) min/week, and the endurance exercise time of patients with knee osteoarthritis in pension institutions was (109.93 ± 35.23) min/week respectively. The score of exercise self-efficacy was 38 (21, 54), which was in a low level. The exercise self-management time of patients with different monthly income, BMI, frequency of group exercise and duration of illness was different (P<0.05). Exercise self-management time, physical exercise time, endurance exercise time were positively correlated with exercise self-efficacy (r = 0.588, 0.243, 0.434, P < 0.001). Conclusion Through improving patients'exercise self-efficacy as the breakthrough point, it provides the basis for the formulation of intervention measures to increase the patients' exercise self-management time.
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