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周运彩,夏翠兰,刘利霞.优质护理对骨科患者下肢深静脉血栓形成的护理效果[J].中国医药科学,2020,(1):206-208        基金项目:
优质护理对骨科患者下肢深静脉血栓形成的护理效果
Nursing effect of high-quality nursing on lower extremity deep venous thrombosis(LEDVT)in patients in orthopedic department
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  优质护理;骨科;下肢深静脉血栓形成;疼痛程度
英文关键词:High-quality nursing;Orthopedic department;Lower limb deep vein thrombosis;Pain level
作者单位
周运彩,夏翠兰,刘利霞 深圳市龙华区中心医院创伤骨科,广东深圳 518100 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 目的 评价优质护理用于骨科患者中,对预防下肢深静脉血栓形成(LEDVT)的护理效果。 方法 选取 100 例本院骨科 2017 年 5 月~ 2018 年 11 月收治的患者作为研究对象,依据不同的护理方案将 100 例患者分为对照组、实验组,每组 50 例。对照组采用常规护理,实验组采用优质护理。比较两种护理措施对凝血指标、疼痛程度、住院时间、下肢深静脉血栓形成率、护理满意度的影响。 结果 与对照组比较,实验组凝血指标、疼痛程度较低,且住院时间较短,差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05);相较于对照组,实验组下肢深静脉血栓形成率较低,差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05);相较于对照组,实验组护理满意度较高,差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05)。 结论 给予骨科患者优质护理,不仅可以改善凝血指标、缓解疼痛程度,还可以减少下肢深静脉血栓形成率、缩短住院时间,提高护理满意度,临床应用价值较高。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To evaluate nursing effect of high-quality nursing on lower extremity deep venous thrombosis(LEDVT)in patients in orthopedic department. Methods 100 patients who were admitted and treated in the orthopedic department in our hospital from May 2017 to November 2018 were selected as research objects. According to different nursing programs,100 patients were divided into control group and experimental group,with 50 cases in each group.The control group was given routine nursing while the experimental group was given high quality nursing.The effects of two nursing measures on coagulation parameters, pain level,hospital stay,lower extremity deep venous thrombosis rate and nursing satisfaction were compared. Results Compared with the control group, the coagulation index and pain level were lower in the experimental group and the hospital stay was shorter,which was statistically significant(P < 0.05).Compared with the control group,the rate of lower limb deep venous thrombosis in the experimental group was lower,which was statistically significant(P < 0.05).Compared with the control group,the nursing satisfaction in the experimental group was higher,which was statistically significant(P < 0.05). Conclusion High-quality nursing for orthopedic patients can not only improve the coagulation index and relieve pain,but also reduce the rate of lower limb deep vein thrombosis,shorten the length of hospital stay and improve nursing satisfaction.The clinical application value is high.
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