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瞿黎.心理护理对子宫肌瘤患者术后焦虑抑郁反应及生活质量的影响[J].中国医药科学,2019,(16):142-144        基金项目:
心理护理对子宫肌瘤患者术后焦虑抑郁反应及生活质量的影响
Effects of psychological nursing on postoperative anxiety and depression reactions and quality of life in patients with uterine fibroids
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  子宫肌瘤;手术应激反应;生活质量;心理护理
英文关键词:Uterine fibroids; Surgical stress response; Quality of life; Psychological nursing
作者单位
瞿黎 上海复旦大学附属妇产科医院,上海 200090 
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中文摘要:
      [摘要] 目的 探讨心理护理对子宫肌瘤患者术后焦虑抑郁反应及生活质量的影响。 方法 选取 2016 年 9月~ 2017 年 9 月间复旦大学附属妇产科医院的 86 例子宫肌瘤手术患者进行分析,将其随机分组,常规护理干预者设定为对照组,心理护理干预者设定为观察组,每组 43 例患者。对观察组和对照组进行 SAS 焦虑和 SDS 抑郁评分,并且对两组患者术后的生活质量进行评分。 结果 观察组的 SAS 焦虑评分和 SDS 抑郁评分均低于对照组(P < 0.05),并且观察组的生活质量,包括生理功能,生理职能,躯体疼痛,社会功能,情感职能,精力,精神健康,总体健康评分均较高(P < 0.05)。 结论 临床上对子宫肌瘤手术患者实施心理护理干预,能够积极降低手术应激反应 , 并且有利于提高术后生活质量。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To explore the effects of psychological nursing on postoperative anxiety and depression response and quality of life in patients with uterine fibroids. Methods 86 patients with uterine fibroid who underwent surgery from Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Fudan University from September 2016 to September 2017 were selected and they were randomly divided into two group, with 43 cases in each group. The observation group was given routine nursing intervention while the observation group was given psychological nursing intervention. The SAS anxiety and SDS depression scores were scored in the observation group and the control group,and the quality of life of the two groups was evaluated. Results The SAS anxiety score and SDS depression score of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05).The quality of life including physiological function, physiological function, physical pain, social function, emotional function, energy and mental health and overall health scores in the observation group were all higher (P < 0.05), which is seen in the three indexes of physical pain, social function and emotional function. Conclusion Psychological nursing intervention for patients with uterine fibroids surgery can reduce the stress response and improve the postoperative quality of life.
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