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杜雪萍,陈燕珣,张映清,何永红.早期康复护理在颅脑损伤患者中的临床应用及护理效果[J].中国医药科学,2019,(9):110-113        基金项目:
早期康复护理在颅脑损伤患者中的临床应用及护理效果
Clinical application and nursing effect of early rehabilitation nursing in patients with brain injury
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  早期康复护理;颅脑损伤;日常生活能力
英文关键词:Early rehabilitation nursing;Brain injury;Activies of daily living (ADL)
作者单位
杜雪萍,陈燕珣,张映清,何永红 广东省汕头市第二人民医院神经外科,广东汕头 515011 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨早期康复护理在颅脑损伤患者中的临床应用及护理效果。 方法 选取 2016 年 1 月~ 2017年 12 月本院收治的颅脑损伤患者 80 例,以随机数字表法分为研究组 40 例与对照组 40 例,对照组给予常规护理,研究组在常规护理基础上给予早期康复护理,比较两组基本生活活动能力评定量表(BADL)评分、FAM(Fugl-Meyer 运动功能评分法)评分、护理满意度的情况。 结果 干预 4 周后,研究组患者 BADL 评分、FAM 评分明显高于对照组患者(P < 0.05);研究组患者护理满意度(95.00%)显著高于对照组(77.50%)(χ2=7.541,P < 0.05)。 结论 早期康复护理可通过提高颅脑损伤患者肌力有效提高患者日常生活自理能力,从而提高患者生活质量。同时,显著提高患者护理满意度,具有临床推广价值。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the clinical application and nursing effect of early rehabilitation nursing in patients with brain injury. Methods 80 patients with brain injury who were admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 were selected.The grouping principle was based on the random number table method and they were divided into the study group (40 cases) and the control group (40 cases).The control group was given routine nursing while the study group was given early rehabilitation nursing on the basis of routine nursing.The scores of basic activity of daily living (BADL),Fugl-Meyer motor function scoring method (FAM) and nursing satisfaction were compared between the two groups. Results After 4 weeks of intervention,BADL scores and FAM scores of the study group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05).The nursing satisfaction of the study group was 95.00%,significantly higher than 77.50% of the control group(χ2=7.541,P < 0.05). Conclusion Early rehabilitation nursing can effectively improve the daily selfcare ability of patients by improving the muscle strength of patients with brain injury,so as to improve the quality of life of patients.At the same time,it can significantly improve nursing satisfaction of patients,with clinical promotion value.
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